Using the power of the sun is becoming increasingly attractive from an economic and environmental aspect. If you’re going solar, you need to know the components.
The electrical components of the solar panel system have its own jargon. These are some of the key phrases
1. Photovoltaic Cell – Or “P” “V” for short. This is the key piece of any solar panel system that converts sun light into electricity. Until recently it has been always made commercially out of a silicon substance under glass. When the sun hits the cell, the silicon undergoes an electrical reaction that creates a charge. The charge pushes electricity to the outside world.
2. Solar Panel- the PV cell is typically about 4″ square, the solar panel is usually an array of such cells. These cells are soldered and protected by glass housing to let in the light but prevent damaging objects from hitting it. Even though about 30 solar cells are in one solar panel, it still does not produce enough electricity to power anything significant in your home.
3. Solar Power System – When you connect several solar panels together makes for sun to electricity conversion center of your solar system. Some solar farms have thousands of solar panels connected in series across acres of land.
4. Orientation – One of the first things a person needs to do is determine the actual solar energy potential for the exact location of the solar panels. Not only is there specific solar potential for each square yard but the angle of the solar panel and direction are crucial factors. This angle of inclination and direction are perhaps the most important factors. A few degrees in the wrong direction can cut your electricity dramatically.
5. Direct Current or Alternating Current – solar panels produce electricity as direct current. This can be stored in batteries as direct current. As you know there are virtually no devices in your home that use direct current for power. Therefore, an electrical Inverter is used to transform the direct current into the useful alternating current you appliances need.
7. Inverter – A key component in a solar panel system. This cuts and twists the direct current from the solar panels to make it look and feel like typical AC current. The AC current can then be used by your household appliances or sold back to the electricity company.
Of course there are many variables for each of these components. It is wise for you to ask a qualified professional to give you accurate recommendations for your specific application before you purchase anything.